秋季懷孕預防流感是關鍵

核心提示:秋季是個懷孕的好季節,但又是個流感伺機偷襲的時機,因此,為瞭寶寶的健康,醫生建議計劃懷孕的婦女,最好在懷孕前一個月註射流感疫苗。

  每年的9、10月份,北京就開始進入流感流行季節;而每年的12月到次年的1月,都是最適合流感病毒復制和傳播的時候,這時出現重癥患者的比例也比較多,病情嚴重的可能會死亡。與此同時,由墨西哥發端的甲型H1N1流感疫情已蔓延至中國內地,北京、四川、山東、廣東、福建、浙江、湖南、上海、湖北、河南、天津、江西等地陸續出現確診病例,廣東、福建、四川、北京等地出現二代病例。專傢指出,未來可能產生交叉感染。準備懷孕的夫妻要如何防止流感的侵害呢?

document.write(“”); document.write(“”); document.write(“”); document.write(“”); document.write(“”); // document.write(“”);[圖片中心]完美孕育四十周 (/38)[進入圖集] <!–縮略圖開始代碼–> <li><a href=’#p=PT1500001766′ hidefocus=’true’><img src=’http://photo.39.net//PictureLib/A/CT100024/CT1500001060/2011-04-19/t_11419063118044.jpg’ alt=’完美孕育全面解析:第一周’ /></a><h2>完美孕育全面解析:第一周</h2><p></p><!–第一張大中圖開始–><i title=’img’>http://photo.39.net//PictureLib/A/CT100024/CT1500001060/2011-04-19/b_a11419063118044.jpg</i><!–第一張大中圖結束–> <i title=’timg’>http://photo.39.net//PictureLib/A/CT100024/CT1500001060/2011-04-19/m_11419063118044.jpg</i></li><li><a href=’#p=PT1500001768′ hidefocus=’true’><img src=’http://photo.39.net//PictureLib/A/CT100024/CT1500001060/2011-04-19/t_11419063201061.jpg’ alt=’完美孕育全面解析:第二周’ /></a><h2>完美孕育全面解析:第二周</h2><p></p><i title=’img’>http://photo.39.net//PictureLib/A/CT100024/CT1500001060/2011-04-19/b_a11419063201061.jpg</i> <i 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  一、孕前打流感疫苗防治流感發生 要盡早接種流感疫苗。這樣一是可以在流感流行季節到來前就產生抗體,在人群中構成免疫屏障;二是可以為將來接種甲型H1N1流感疫苗騰出時間,因為兩種疫苗接種最好間隔一個月,避免身體不適。據瞭解,在我國甲型H1N1流感疫苗還沒有正式批復使用,但目前北京市已經協議購買瞭500萬份甲型H1N1流感疫苗,一旦國傢批準使用就可開展接種工作。 對於已懷孕的婦女,懷孕不到3個月的孕婦禁忌接種流感疫苗,懷孕在3個月以後的孕婦最好咨詢和聽從有關孕期保健醫生意見,慎重接種流感疫苗。懷孕不到3個月的孕婦,可適當鍛煉身體,註意防寒保暖。與孕婦密切接觸的傢庭成員也應接種流感疫苗,以免傳染給孕婦。

  二、提高免疫力,吃點增加免疫力的食物:

  1、茶:抗細菌防流感。哈佛大學的免疫學者發現,連續兩周每天喝五杯紅茶的人其體內會產生大量的抗病毒幹擾素,其含量是不喝茶的人的10倍,這種可以抵抗感染的蛋白可以有效幫助人體抵禦流感,同時,還可以減輕食物中毒、傷口感染、腳氣甚至是肺結核和瘧疾的癥狀。當然,喝綠茶也具有同樣的效果。

  2、新鮮蘿卜:因其含有豐富的幹擾素誘導劑而具有免疫作用;

  3、蘋果:能增加血液中白血球的數量;

  4、麥麩:含有可增強免疫功能的鎂、鋅、硒,可在谷物食品中摻入麥麩;

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